Air pollution causes, effects and prevention is worth taken a gross look at. Air pollution is one among the largest threats for the environment and affects everyone: humans, animals, crops, cities, forests, aquatic ecosystems...
Air pollution can be defined as an alteration of air quality that may be characterised by measurements of chemical, biological or physical pollutants within the air. Therefore, air pollution means the undesirable presence of impurities or the abnormal rise in the proportion of some constituents of the atmosphere we can also relate air pollution as a mixture of natural and synthetic substances within the air we breathe. It is generally separated into two categories: outdoor pollution and indoor pollution. "air pollution causes, effects and prevention"
Outdoor air pollution: involves exposures that surface outside of the designed environment. Examples include:
- Fine particles made by the burning of fossil fuels (i.e. the coal and petroleum used in energy production),
- Noxious gases e.g. sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, etc.)
- Ground-level ozone (a reactive kind of oxygen and a primary part of urban smog)
Indoor air pollution: means exposure to particulates, carbon oxides and other pollutants that are carried by indoor air or dust. Examples include:
- Gases (carbon monoxide, radon, etc.)
- Household products and chemicals
- Building materials (asbestos, formaldehyde, lead, etc.)
- Outdoor indoor allergens (cockroach and mouse dropping, etc.)
- Mold and pollen
In some instances, outdoor pollution will create its way indoors by means of open windows, doors, ventilation, etc.
Possible causes of air pollution -a close review "air pollution causes, effects and prevention"
Air pollution is caused by the presence in the atmosphere of toxic substances, mainly produced by human activities, even though sometimes it can result from natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, dust storms and wildfires, also depleting the air quality.
- Combustion of fossil fuels, like coal and oil for electricity and road transport, producing air pollutants like nitrogen and sulphur dioxide
- Emissions from industries and factories, releasing great deal of carbon monoxide gas, hydrocarbon, chemicals and organic compounds into the air
- Agricultural activities, because of the use of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers that emit harmful chemicals
- Waste production, mostly as a result of methane generation in landfills
- Another form of pollution is then worsened by that increased heat: smog forms once the weather is hotter and there’s additional ultraviolet radiation.” Climate change also increases the production of allergenic air pollutants as well as mold (thanks to damp conditions caused by extreme weather and increased flooding) and pollen (due to a extended pollen season and a lot of pollen production). . "air pollution causes, effects and prevention"
Effects of Air Pollution
It is not possible to explain the complete extent of potential and actual harm caused by all forms of pollution. But here are the main consequences which are believed to be associated with air pollution exposure. Among them are respiratory diseases (including asthma attack and changes in lung function), cardiovascular diseases, adverse pregnancy outcomes (such as preterm birth), and even death.
On the Environment
Air pollution features a major impact on the process of plant evolution by preventing photosynthesis in several cases, with serious consequences for the purification of the air we breathe. It conjointly contributes to the formation of acid rain, atmospheric precipitations within the sort of rain, frost, snow or fog, which are released during the combustion of fossil fuels and transformed by contact with water steam within the atmosphere
Air pollution is a major and key contributor to global warming and climate change. In fact, the abundance of CO2 in the air is one among the causes of the greenhouse effect. Normally, the presence of greenhouse gases ought to be beneficial for the earth because they absorb the infra-red radiation made by the surface of the earth. But the excessive concentration of these gases within the atmosphere is the reason behind the recent global climate change. "air pollution causes, effects and prevention"
How can i scale back my risk for air pollution exposure?
- Indoor pollution is reduced by ensuring that a building is well-ventilated and cleaned frequently to forestall the buildup of agents like dust and mildew. Occupants would also be wise to take away any identified pollutants and or irritants (aerosols, stringent cleaning supplies, etc.) whenever possible.
- Outdoor pollution exposures is reduced by checking one’s Air Quality Index (AQI), avoiding serious traffic once possible.
How is air pollution linked to climate change?
Climate change conjointly increases the production of allergenic air pollutants as well as mold (thanks to damp conditions caused by extreme weather and increased flooding) and pollen (due to a extended pollen season and more pollen production). While climate change may be a global process, it's very local impacts that may deeply have an effect on communities, not the least of which is air pollution.
High temperatures are directly linked to poor air quality which can affect the heart and exacerbate cardiovascular disease. Examples of this could include a rise in pollen, due to increased plant growth, or an increase in molds, due to severe storms — both of which can worsen allergies and other lung diseases, such as asthma. Scientists say an increasing rise in ozone levels are a priority.
As the climate continues to vary, the risks to human health can grow, aggravating existing health threats and creating new public health challenges. This assessment considerably advances what we know concerning the impacts of global climate change on public health, and the confidence with which we know it "air pollution causes, effects and prevention"
Remedies/Prevention of Air Pollution
The good news is that there are ways to reduce air pollution; The less gasoline we burn, the better we’re doing to reduce air pollution and harmful effects of climate change
- Renewable fuel and clean energy production
The most basic resolution for pollution is to move off from fossil fuels, replacing them with different energies like solar, wind and geothermal.
- Energy conservation and efficiency
Producing clean energy is crucial. But equally necessary is to scale back our consumption of energy by adopting responsible habits and using additional economical devices.
- Eco-friendly transportation
Shifting to electrical vehicles and hydrogen vehicles, and promoting shared quality (i.e carpooling, and public transports) might scale back pollution.
- Green building
From aiming to demolition, green building aims to create environmentally responsible and resource-efficient structures to scale back their carbon footprint.
In addition, monitoring pollution levels has become important to detect pollution peaks, better management pollution and eventually improve air quality.
How to Protect Your Health
- When you see in the newspaper or hear on the weather report on the television or radio that pollution levels are high, it may be useful to limit the time when kids go outside or you opt for a jog,”
- When you do exercising outdoors, stay away from heavily trafficked roads. Then shower and wash your garments to get rid of fine particles.
- If the air quality is unhealthy, stay within with windows closed.
- Wear sunscreen. When ultraviolet light comes through the weakened ozonosphere, it will cause skin injury and skin cancer.
"air pollution causes, effects and prevention"