BLOOD PRESSURE BY AGE
With more increase in death of young Africans suffering from the effects of hypertension, it is important and imminent to understand the basics of this condition in order to be able to control the disease also know ages prone to high blood pressure
Recent Findings denoted from blood pressure readings of more than 14,000 men and women between 24 and 32 years of age revealed a higher percentage of high blood pressure readings than results from a previous major study, it's worth noting that a lot of young people are unaware that they have HBP.
Blood Pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood upon the walls of the blood vessels and especially arteries and varies with the muscular efficiency of the heart, the blood volume and viscosity, the age and healt
Blood pressure is always given as two numbers;
Systolic Pressure (when the heart beats)
Diastolic Pressure (when the heart relaxes)
High Blood Pressure is abnormally elevated blood pressure especially of the arteries most times it is referred to as Hypertension.
Low Blood Pressure is abnormally low blood pressure most times referred to as Hypotension
Blood pressure is lowest when you are sleeping and rises when you awaken and increasing temporarily when you’re under stress, excited or exercising But when the pressure stays elevated over time, it causes the heart to pump harder and work overtime, possibly leading to various, serious health problems, ranging from hardening of the arteries, stroke, and brain hemorrhage to kidney malfunction and blindness.
Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers, the systolic (pressure during a heartbeat) over the diastolic (pressure between heartbeats). For example, a measurement of 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) is expressed as “120 over 80.” Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80. People with pressures between 120/80 and 139/89 are considered to have pre-hypertension and are likely to develop hypertension without preventative measures. Today, clinical guidelines recommend that physicians work with patients to keep their blood pressures below 140/90 mmHg
Hypertension is a silent killer, often with no obvious or visible symptoms. The only way to find out if you have hypertension is through testing by your physician, who will make the diagnosis on the basis of two or more readings taken on different visits
A diagnosis of high or low blood pressure requires only one measurement, either systolic or diastolic, or both, to be outside the healthy range. For many people who with higher than normal blood pressure there is no obvious cause why their blood pressure is high, that is why there are ages prone to high blood pressure.
Causes of hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Some Pre -Disposing factors that may contribute to High BP include:
- High alcohol consumption
- Too much salt
- Being overweight
- Chronic kidney disease
- Lack of exercise
- Adrenal and thyroid disorders
- Family history of high blood pressure
Signs Of High Blood Pressure
Signs of high blood pressure include, headache dizziness, pounding in ears, and a bloody nose. These symptoms typically don't occur until high blood pressure has reached an advanced and even a possibly life threatening stage.
Proven Effects Of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can double your risk for a heart attack; quadruple your odds for a stroke; raise your risk for heart failure, vision loss, kidney problems, dementia and circulation problems such as peripheral artery disease (which causes pain in your legs); weaken your bones; and contribute to erectile dysfunction in men.
- Because blood pressure rises as body weight increases (and obesity is a known risk factor for developing high cholesterol and diabetes, which in turn can lead to heart disease), a loss of as little as 10 pounds can help to lower blood pressure.
- lowering sodium (salt) intake. Most Americans consume far more than the current, daily recommendation of 2,400 milligrams (mg) of sodium about a teaspoon of table salt or less. This includes all salt and sodium consumed, not just at the table, but also in cooking.
- Regular physical activity is another good step toward controlling or even preventing high blood pressure.
- Another healthy move is to limit alcohol intake. Excess alcohol can raise blood pressure as well as damage the liver, heart, and brain
- Finally, quit smoking. Among other things, smoking damages blood vessel walls and speeds hardening of the arteries
high blood pressure chart
Below are approximate Ideal BP According to Age Chart
Age Female Male
18 120/80 120/80
19-24 120/79 120/79
25-29 120/80 121/80
30-35 122/81 123/82
36-39 123/82 124/83
40-45 124/83 125/83
46-49 126/84 127/84
50-55 129/85 128/85
56-59 130/86 131/87
60 + 134/84 135/88
With the incidence of stress and other predisposing factors it is worth knowing that the topic ages prone to high blood pressure is a watch word for all ages.